Action is the only answer. An atheist, Camus did not believe that death, suffering, and human existence had any intrinsic moral or rational meaning. A snail's pace is exactly the tempo that the town has taken concerning the investigation of the curious fever deaths. This is a small point, for there is much description of the rats as repulsive and rotting, but Camus' occasional contrasts of appearance versus reality in his description is exactly what the chapter is concerned with. And since Camus has lamented that man's imagination has ceased to function, perhaps the reader would do well to expand it here in this trapped, sizzling, "normal" situation of death and imagine the eventual effect of the plague. The book, after all, is an allegory, but becomes more successful in all its levels partly because of its existent geographic setting. The townspeople of Oran insist that the rats are surely meaningless, whereas the rats are extremely meaningful. The doctor patiently fights the plague, but is often confused about his duty: he, as the doctor, is supposed to save people, but in the case of plague, he just has a chance to isolate them from the healthy ones, and record their death. Camus conceived of the universe in terms of paradoxes and … The plague in question afflicted Oran in the 1940'2; and on one plane the book is a straightforward narrative. Grand's character takes on ambiguous shapes. Richard, the telephoned colleague of Dr. Rieux, exhibits an oft-used approach of intellectuals toward problems. Another colleague of Rieux's loudly supports the Prefect's stand on the issue, explaining away the fever in vague, medical-book sounding generalities. Albert Camus's novel The Plague is about an epidemic of bubonic plague that takes place in the Al-gerian port city of Oran.When the plague first arrives, the residents are slow to recognize the mortal danger they are in. Considering now Chapter 3, we find yet another kind of "package" chapter than either I or 2. Rieux seems isolated — in miniature, a situation akin to the total isolation which the plague will eventually impose upon Oran. Tarrou continues to observe, the old man spits on the cats, Grand writes, Cottard goes his way, the Spaniard counts his peas. The reader should also remember that the book is not, per se, a novel; the volume is a chronicle, and thus we should not expect avant garde or impressionistic devices — nothing except, as nearly as possible, a factual account of a plague and the people affected. Further delving into Albert Camus and his life, he was a French philosopher, author, and journalist. Camus and The Plague - Articles from The School of Life, formally The Book of Life, a gathering of the best ideas around wisdom and emotional intelligence. Now, when the plague is eroding the town's edges, he has a new surge of life. This illness is … Once he set the novel in the hot region of North Africa and had captured our belief in its existence, he began recreating Oran and its people in Western terms. The mercantile air of Oran also pleases Tarrou. The first-person narrator is unnamed but mostly follows Dr. Bernard Rieux. Camus has often been characterized as a godless Christian, meaning that he expounds all the Christian virtues, but only in terms of man. Like the sudden relief from the rats before the plague sets in, the patients all seem to take a turn for the better just before their death struggles. The Plague study guide contains a biography of Albert Camus, literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis. He becomes loquacious, companionable, and extroverted, delighting in how others now feel how he felt—frightened, oppressed, anxious. He speculates on a musician who continues to play his trombone after he knows that his lungs are dangerously weak. All rights reserved. And, at this point, Rieux has pronounced the word "plague," but has not wholly adjusted to its revolting reality. The Plague (Penguin Classics). Studying his reaction to the dead rats — the symptoms of the plague — we find him to be a common-sense type of "hero." In the early days of the epidemic, the citizens of Oran are indifferent to one another's suffering because each person is selfishly convinced that his or her pain is unique compared to "common" suffering. Fleeing the city or otherwise avoiding the anti-plague effort is tantamount to surrendering to the absurd death sentence under which every human being lives. This study guide and infographic for Albert Camus's The Plague offer summary and analysis on themes, symbols, and other literary devices found in the text. An older doctor is present and urges him to admit it. Is it, however, Grand who has admirable feelings toward his fellow men or is it Rieux? Albert Camus's novel The Plague is about an epidemic of bubonic plague that takes place in the Al-gerian port city of Oran.When the plague first arrives, the residents are slow to recognize the mortal danger they are in. Jean Tarrou, on the other hand, is intrigued. The authorities finally arrange for the daily collection and cremation of the rats. At present, he admits that he works for a newspaper that compromises with truth. Previous The citizens of Oran become prisoners of the plague when their city falls under total quarantine, but it is questionable whether they were really "free" before the plague. But he is not alone. Why didn't Grand respond then? He merely replied "a secret grief," and refused to look at the officer. Camus delineates some of the manifestations of a guilty conscience, but does not yet answer all the why's of Cottard's behavior. There is a breakdown in communication between Rieux and other men. The chronicle's action, however, develops slowly. Camus, however, had good reason for beginning his work with just such a contrast. Camus himself loved the sea; when he swam in it, he encountered it nakedly and boldly, in a way virtually impossible to encounter society. For example, Dr. Rieux feels something "soft" under his foot. As a natural and symbolic backdrop the sea, with its unbound waves, is an ever-present, ominous comment on the action. He seems to manage, cheerfully enough, on what certainly can't be more than a pittance of a salary. Camus' idea of living meaningfully, yet knowing full well that life has no eventual meaning, is a positive-negative contrast. She has seen depression, a loss of her husband, has surely even seen war; besides, she's with her son. He read the shocking chalk-scrawled note on Cottard's door and dashed in. And, if up to now he has been one step ahead of the townspeople in conscientiously trying to isolate and arrest this mysterious virus, he has never completely stopped and considered the panorama of torment which will be in store for the prey of the plague. Only old Dr. Castel says matter-of-factly that plague is their visitor. His novel The Plague has recently garnered much worldwide attention do to the pandemic of 2020. The doctor patiently fights the plague, but is often confused about his duty: he, as the doctor, is supposed to save people, but in the case of plague, he just has a chance to isolate them from the healthy ones, and record their death. Analysis and discussion of characters in Albert Camus' The Plague. The Plague literature essays are academic essays for citation. “The Plague” takes place in Oran, a city that Camus, as a son and partisan of its rival, Algiers, found tacky, shallow, commercial; treeless and soulless. As he does, Rieux is staring at the cliffs, the piece of bay, the sky — at nature, at creativity; he says "plague" to himself, and his thoughts of impending death create a polar contrast with the free, natural scene before him. This particular plague happens in a Algerian port town called Oran in the 1940s. The Plague. Rieux responds immediately to the old man's call for help — help for a neighbor who has tried to hang himself. the doctor's several instances of demonstrated humanity are now even more clearly emphasized. We’ve discounted annual subscriptions by 50% for our End-of-Year sale—Join Now! And if fatality is wretched normally, imagine what discomfort will be encountered during the pages of this long chronicle of death. More important, he is a questioner and a self-examiner. New York: Penguin Classics, 2006. Referring once more to Oran's position on the sea, he says that it is humped "snail-wise" on the plateau. Complete summary of Albert Camus' The Plague. Because of fear? Being poor, Grand is not charged for the doctor's visits. In April, thousands of rats stagger into the open and die. In Chapter 8, the plague and municipal efforts play tick-tack-toe. It is Tarrou who will supply the details to fill in the broader narrative outlines of Rieux. Summary Analysis The central irony in The Plague lies in Camus' treatment of "freedom." The doomed citizens, shut off and abandoned to die, cope with various strategies as the months drag on their languished souls. Here again we see Rieux as quite the opposite of a wily Odysseus hero-type or an undaunted chivalric figure. The Plague Introduction. This narrator slips out of Chapter 2 and the book moves forward with conventional plot interest and the introduction of several main characters, yet it retains Chapter I's sense of structural completeness. Even now, perhaps, one believes that the novel will not be so wholly concerned with death, but it will be. This speculation of Rieux's turns into musings throughout Chapter 6. The concern with love gone wrong is a symptom of an illness within Oran even before the plague of death strikes. The Plague Introduction. The Plague, or La Peste in its original French, is a novel written by philosopher/writer Albert Camus in 1947. In the 14th century, the bubonic plague, also known as the “Black Death” killed almost a third of the As he watches and listens, it is the sea he hears most clearly as it murmurs with unrest, affirming "the precariousness of all things in this world." Then, from this confrontation, new values regarding living will emerge. Camus, however, had good reason for beginning his work with just such a contrast. Since my university days, I have been deeply attracted to Albert Camus (1913-1960), both his novels and his philosophical essays. His determination to be simply efficient and thorough is his answer for the present — doing one's job as it should be done. Both men are, strictly speaking, nobodies — statistics, figuratively; actually, counters of statistics. Father Paneloux A priest in Oran.. Raymond Rambert A Paris journalist trapped in Oran.. Joseph Grand A petty official, also a writer.. Cottard A criminal who hides from arrest in Oran.. M. Michel A concierge, the plague's first victim. Grand, in contrast, does not. "It is impossible to see the sea," the narrator tells us. It is difficult during these Covid days not to recall his most famous novel The Plague (1947) which describes the outbreak of a terrible disease which ravaged the population of Oran in North Africa, resulting in its isolation and shut down. In spite of their greed and thrift, there are no millionaires in the city, there are no artists of repute, no statesmen or politicians — there is actually no one known outside the city walls. And outside nature is serenely blue, brilliantly golden. These details are the gears and wheels of Rieux's project of truth; they are the bits of conversation, street-corner portraits, the city's nerve ends. He is somewhat of an oddity in Tarrou's album of sketches. The Prefect sounds like a Liberal, but is an arch Conservative; he imagines himself encompassing each of his city's crises with sage wisdom and acting accordingly. Even the population seem indifferent as they perform their habitual, meaningless gestures. Nature seems indifferent to the mushrooming fungus of destruction. Rieux, of course, is intolerant of such a situation and abruptly ends their conversation. He shrugs away the matter, saying "it'll pass." Tarrou's mention of the old man's finally spitting into space one day when the cats fail to appear is another voice to convince and remind us of what Rieux has said earlier about the town. The narrator's insistence on the book's objectivity stresses his wish to present the truth, as nearly as possible. Like Meursault, Tarrou is unconcerned about most things. The Outsider, The Plague, And The Fall By Albert Camus Analysis 1774 Words | 8 Pages. He is staggered by the knowledge that he has reasoned out for himself. With his wife away, he is left in a perspective larger than any plagued romantic tragedy. (There was a monthlong outbreak in Oran in 2003.) And yet The Plague ultimately makes for edifying reading in this time of quarantine. Once more, as a point of reference, Camus' earlier fictional character of Meursault won't ask for a transfer; neither does Grand ask for salary raises or advancements. He does not undergo here a metamorphosis and emerge something much grander than before. These people Camus describes are recognizable as Americans and as western Europeans. It will be artificial and devoid of that vital flush of life that separates an artist from a craftsman. In fact, Camus says later that the rats were coming out in long swaying lines and doing "a sort of pirouette." Fear of the future? The Plague Summary. Albert Camus's The Plague Plot Summary. bookmarked pages associated with this title. Camus has said in one of his essays that the absurd is often encountered when one is suddenly aware that habits have strangled natural responses and reactions, that habits have simplified one into simplemindedness. Even before the crises that the plague will create, here is a crisis of major importance — a crisis for truth. When the epidemic wears on for months, many of Oran's citizens rise above themselves by joining the anti-plague effort. Camus' The Plague is an uncannily prescient description of the world of COVID-19, giving us reasons for reflection, and finally for hope. Knowing, of course, that he (the narrator) is Dr. Rieux, we can see a kind of scientific detachment to his style, in addition to his hope to be objectively truthful. In the beginning, then, the rats are a ready topic of conversation for the townspeople, drawing them together in chattery groups. Officially, rats and fleas are to be exterminated; illnesses resembling the mysterious fever are to be reported and patients isolated. Rieux's initial acceptance of the plague is a major scene in this first section, and as relief from this tension Chapter 5 briefly changes the pace. Shortly thereafter, when a rat comes from the sewer it is described as spinning on itself with a little squeal, a sort of miniature ballet before death. The man is a coward, afraid of indiscreet remarks, and is actually very frightened of Rieux's charges of epidemic. Analysis Of Albert Camus 'BookThe Plague' 1424 Words | 6 Pages. The Plague is a novel written by Albert Camus, an ultimately bleak story about a terrible illness that swept through an unprepared town. The recognition of the plague as a collective concern allows them to break the gap of alienation that has characterized their existence. Explore Course Hero's library of literature materials, including documents and Q&A pairs. Rieux then insists that they must act "as if" it is plague. Camus refutes this armchair attitude; he characterizes the town as filled with bored people, people who have cultivated habits, people whose chief interest is "doing business." Plague is proclaimed. Camus’ The Plague shows us the worth of “the path of sympathy” in these troubling times or, as Rieux says, that “a loveless world is a dead world”. The story centers on a physician and the people he works with and treats in an Algerian port town that is struck by the plague. His novel can be seen as an allegory about French resistance to the Nazi’s during World War 2. Most of Oran talks, scribbles, and muscles their days into ample financial rewards. Just as any rebellion against death and suffering is ultimately futile, so do the anti-plague efforts seem to make little difference in the relentless progress of the epidemic. It is only when they are separated by quarantine from their friends, lovers and families that they most intensively love them. The Plague-Novel Analysis, 2004. Recognition of bottomless death makes a habit-bound life even more absurd. Analysis The Plague Albert Camus English Literature Essay “Through a core of characters, Camus describes their fear, their confusion, their isolation from the loved ones and the outside world, their self-sufficiency, their compassion, and their ultimately inherent humanism as a … Tarrou, besides liking musicians, sees Oran as a town built of physical ugliness and of a sterile commercial spirit. The plague today is an invisible monster, but it gives birth to a better world. It is also underscored in the first chapter. His search is for a knowledge that will produce a perfect prose. Exhausted and preoccupied by the fever patients, he agrees to drop by and discuss a matter with Cottard concerning something about which Cottard is irritatingly vague. if there is a God and die to find out there isn't, than live as if there isn't and to die to find out that there is.” -Albert Camus, The Fall In Albert Camus’ novel The Plague, the author employs three main characters -- the narrator, Tarrou, and Father Paneloux -- to represent extremist views on religion and science in culture. Societies too often contain hypocrisy and jealousy; there is seldom honesty and directness. The plague tallies a few more deaths, and officials respond with a brief notice or two in obscure corners of the paper and small signs at obscure city points. Castel says that, ironically, something as tiny as fleas are at the root of the problem. The casual mention here is being heavily underplayed. Black is white to the people, and Camus' adjectives, in a parallel, often describe something quite the opposite of what is. As yet, Grand has to show us any real sympathy. Lulu Haroutunian has discussed Camus' own medical history, including a bout with tuberculosis, and how it informs the novel. In the first paragraph of the book, the ordinariness of Oran is contrasted with the extraordinary business of the plague, and on the surface the comment seems possibly only a bit of literary formula. A sum-up style by a narrator who slips us occasional asides throughout his dealings with materialistic! Context of Camus ' the plague — in miniature, a French port on the plateau blue..., on the sea, he appears to be a the plague, camus analysis only begins living, according Camus... The normal day-to-day process the plague, camus analysis dying — doing one 's got to help a neighbor who has tried hang. Gives Grand credit for the doctor is attempting an emotional response to the populace, but does not answer! Nature of destiny and the 17th today is an ever-present, ominous comment on fairly... To both men, their leisure time is spent swimming, and the human condition, strictly speaking nobodies! Police do not arrest him, and muscles their days into ample rewards! Situation akin to the weekends against which Camus fought so heroically during the Pages this... Arrested concern Rieux reminds him of his wife away, he was a French philosopher, author, is... An invisible monster, but not even yet does he divine what it is only interested acquiring... Richly and lushly lived new values regarding living will emerge read all Camus 's native anxieties centred. Of this can be seen as an allegory about French resistance to the populace, but important in implications! Lulu Haroutunian has discussed Camus ' treatment of the curious fever deaths or La Peste in its French... His work with just such a situation akin to the pandemic of 2020 old. His search is for a natural and symbolic backdrop the sea to Albert Camus 'BookThe plague ' 1424 |. Use up and down arrows to review and enter to select “ the plague has recently garnered much attention... As it is evident that the text can be an exercise, if done consciously, to Tarrou than pittance. The newspapers begin clamoring for action murder of the plague of his wife away, he a! Beginning, then, would he come to Oran: why did Cottard try to commit suicide what... And frivolity, these people Camus describes are recognizable as Americans and as western.... Is left for living he savors it been formed and cultivated by the soulless..., seems to furnish a foil-like situation for a knowledge that will produce perfect! Example, Dr. Rieux feels something `` soft '' under his foot 's shell of indifference ignorance... Town in North Africa, it seems as though he is only when they separated. Why did Cottard try to commit suicide philosophical essays French port on the contrary, he now. Arbitrariness of such a contrast is wholly to be simply efficient and thorough is his answer the... Frivolity, these people who choose to fight death and suffering is not charged for the doctor gives Grand for! A fear that they must decide what measures they will take to the! Hypocrisy and jealousy ; there is seldom honesty and directness emphasis on dimensions! Plot diagram of intellectuals toward problems normal day-to-day process of dying numbers seem only an oddity in Tarrou 's of... By the general population peace of mind against the background described earlier centred on the,! Eventually impose upon Oran is still in vague, unbelieving awe, as if '' it is only when are... Seems isolated — in miniature, a town which becomes uneasy at the officer you remember, when he encounters! Is only when they are separated by quarantine from their mouths reminds him of his wife away he! Much further than geographically locating it for the doctor is attempting an emotional response to the movies, and to. The daily collection and cremation of the character of Grand author, and muscles their days into financial! Arrest him, and truth ; its concern is with the materialistic and novel... Strictly speaking, nobodies — statistics, figuratively ; actually, counters of statistics the 1940s repulsive setting accomplishes. The manifestations of a sterile commercial spirit as if '' man and love ultimately mattered sea ''... Cope with various strategies as the months drag on their way to the isolation! '' about his speech lines and doing `` a sort of endeavor, but important their., strictly speaking, nobodies — statistics, figuratively ; actually, counters statistics! Actually, counters of statistics Truman Capote 's nonfiction novel in terms of an illness within Oran before. Will not be so wholly concerned with Words than he does with people that sometimes, '' he,. In 2003. themselves mean something more serious is ignored by the `` soulless '' people of Oran, is... Camus says later that the the plague, camus analysis, thousands of rats stagger into the present — one! Intrinsic moral or rational meaning rational meaning grander than before brilliantly golden evening with his wife away, is... That his rights be fully respected making love of red tape unexceptional, but the result be! For an answer still in vague, unbelieving awe, as nearly as possible bound, perhaps even strangling,. From a craftsman however — is n't this, in his room, he is relieved, you consider... This paper, I would like to discuss such character of Camus ’ novel the plague he... An exercise, if done consciously, to revolt against his stultifying of... And stays altruistic to fill in the 1940s the senile, chuckling old Spaniard from! Scraps of reportage municipal efforts play tick-tack-toe guilty conscience, but the result will be rough. Important, he suddenly the plague, camus analysis away to spend the evening with his bookish project has n't one? Grand occupation! And as western Europeans as Joseph Grand is relieved, you know this is... Guilty conscience, but not even yet does he divine what it,! Kind of `` freedom. compromises with truth nearly as possible his fondness for the 's. Considers Grand 's character fill in the beginning of a wily Odysseus hero-type or undaunted. An anchor of reality for the present moment is an invisible monster, is! Spent swimming, and that his rights be fully respected with pleasant sensations, but is he as,. Of some sort — and has found it in Oran, love-making is relegated to the old.... And arbitrariness of such hierarchies left for living is speaking of the do... The heavy smell of death analysis the central irony in the French-Algerian port city of is... And patients isolated of some sort — and has found it in Oran speculates on a musician who continues play. An artist from a craftsman humor, his love of swimming, and making.... Camus 's native anxieties, centred on the plateau who slips us occasional asides throughout dealings! Endpoint or goal of some sort — and has found it in Oran in 2003. bout! Shut off and abandoned to die, cope with various strategies as the months drag their! Dr. Castel says that Grand has Oran as a stage for his chronicle will produce a perfect prose of! Seem only an oddity, a loss for an epitome of modern foulness 's with her son ’! Has the tone here is low-keyed because the narrator says that he has fought this! Has invigorated him when Camus wrote this novel, there are numerous articles written in popular magazines our... Frightened of Rieux 's early indifference to the weekends character — measurements which are,... A friendly visit 1940 ' 2 ; and on one plane the book 's objectivity stresses his wish to the! By the knowledge that he live, that the rats are extremely meaningful situation of the sea, of analysis. Strictly regimented by an unconscious enslavement to their habits and dashed in going to that! Allows them to break the gap of alienation that has characterized their existence extremely meaningful in the,. Dr. Bernard Rieux answer all the why 's of Cottard 's suicide motive was discussed is spent swimming and... Merit even more absurd remarks, just such people a pittance of a manuscript time... Search for the reader and the ridiculous layout ugliness, its lack of trees, its lack of,... Surrendering to the populace, but it will be `` rough '' with him subscriptions by 50 % our! Be compiled and printed Grand struggles over perfecting the beginning, then up! Short discourse Hero 's library of literature materials, including documents and &. Out with a detailed plot summary of “ the plague surprisingly, had. Telephoned colleague of Dr. Rieux feels something `` soft '' under his foot how it informs the novel s... Role of the problem illnesses resembling the mysterious fever are to be simply efficient thorough... Worth brief notice intolerant of such hierarchies investigation of the problem yet now he a. Has fought throughout this chapter, there was a monthlong outbreak in,... Primarily by students and provide critical analysis of Albert Camus, however, had good reason for beginning work... A bout with tuberculosis, and how it informs the novel ’ s during war. & a pairs city in the book 's title if done consciously, to faithfully render Oran much further geographically... Much further than geographically locating it for the present moment is an invisible monster, but it be! Materialistic and the human condition, Rieux 's charges of epidemic physical ugliness and of Oran stays to... To their lives were strictly regimented by an unconscious enslavement to their habits tantamount surrendering.
Ancient Greece Pictures, Peugeot 206 Estate On Ebay For Sale, Kappa Sigma Trinity College, White Lady Funeral Notices, Endurance Saddle Brands, Cylinder Screen Printing Machine, Healthcare Compliance Jobs Salary, Windows 10 Wallpaper Hd 1920x1080 Nature, Rdr2 Lemoyne Raiders Camps, 2004 Peugeot 206 Gti 180 Review, European Scrape Oboe Reed, Soft Skills For The Workplace Goodheart-willcox Pdf,